Peñiscola, City in the Sea
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The Pope Moon, one of the Hispanic figures more universally known and simultaneously controversial, moved in 1411 to Peñíscola turning his castle into palace and library pontificia. Of the walls and dependences of this strength they radiate ideas, feelings and prejudices on a complete, honest and virtuous man who had the audacity of persevering in his conviction of real Pope of the Catholic Church in an epoch marked by wars, ambitions, greeds and corruptions that they affected even to the high dignities of the Church, which spiritual power had to act deceitfully before the political and civil power.
Though the Castle Templar constitutes, so much for suprivilegiado emplacement as for his architectural characteristics and his history, the most relevant of this " City in the Sea " (declared Historical - artistic Set in 1972); in Peñíscola there are situated other many artistic, historical and ethnological elements that will delight the visitor.
Haughty they are the walls that it ordered Philip II raised and that constitute a clear manifestation of the big knowledge and polished technical that as for fortifications had the most important military architect - engineer of the epoch, the Italian Juan Bautista Antonelli, who was the one who designed them, being constructed between 1576 and 1578. The Portal Fosc, called likewise of Philip II, is one of the three.
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Peñíscola, hospitable city, has been a crossroads of all the Mediterranean civilizations that from the dawn of the history come sailing along this sea of prosperity and culture. Phoenicians and Greeks, were followed by Carthaginians, Romans, Byzantine and Arabic... They knew All of his profitable situation, of his safety as uncompromising strength and of his suitability as habitat, so much for his climate as for having abundant sweet water that springs from the entrails of the rock in the own citadel.
Peñiscola's Castle, to the north of the Valencian Community, is in a privileged point of the Spanish Mediterranean. The 79 km2 of extension of his municipality, 17 of which pass parallel to the littoral, distribute equitably between the forest surfaces and the hot Mediterranean cultures, between which there are not absent the orange tree, the olive tree and the almond-tree.
Peñíscola is a name in the History, present in her from the most remote civilizations. Fortaleza that, for his extraordinary natural conditions: strategic emplacement rocky promontory encircled by the sea, except by a sandy language and providential abundance of springs, place has been coveted for any of the peoples come to our Peninsula.
Peñíscola has been a scene of the filming movies as The Leader of Anthony Mann or Calabuch de Luis García Berlanga. In June, there is celebrated the Peñíscola Magic Summer. During July and August there celebrates the Festival of Classic Theatre Peñíscola's Castle. In August, the International Festival of Music celebrates Antigua and Baroque. Already in September, in the Gothic Lounge of the Castle and in the Audience and Conference hall of the city, there is celebrated the Cycle of Concerts of Classic Music. On having finished the year it is possible to enjoy a medieval market inside the walled zone, and in the gardens of the Castle members of the parish represent a portal of living Christmas crib.
Peñíscola's south littoral is scarped and rocky. It is splashed with tiny beaches and high cliffs that form peaceful coves. On this coast Irta's Saw is situated. Natural place from the year 2002, is a mountainous alignment with 573 m. Of maximum height and 15 km from coastal front.
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